RURAL-URBAN DISTRESS REFORMS & ACTION
Rural-Urban Distress Reforms and Action (RUDRA) is a social campaign initiative of Institute of Perception Studies (IPS), focuses on highlighting the persisting problems faced by the people of Delhi. Through extensive research and discussions, it is hoped that policy interventions can be framed along with social and political reforms.
Delhi tops the WHO Report on Top 10 most polluted megacities in the world (as per PM Level 10) and ranks 6th in the list of 15 most polluted cities of the world (as per PM Level 2.5). Vehicular emissions, open burning of garbage, industrial activities, construction household air pollution from cooking with polluting fuels and technology are found to be associated with Delhi outdoor and indoor air pollution.
Delhi has become a city of Trendy diseases which occur every year and include vector borne diseases and diseases caused due to contamination of food, water and air like Typhoid, Jaundice, Chikungunya, Dengue, Malaria, etc. Open sewage drains, water logging, unmanaged rains, lack of anti-mosquito fumigation, along with other factors are the regular reasons for the outbreak of these diseases.
Poor urban infrastructure, inadequate public transport, not-so-safe posh areas, low maintained public places, insecure night life culture, inappropriate behaviour of police and civic authorities, isolated urban neighbourhood culture, are some of the causes of increasing crimes against women. Women security has become a reason for women’s less participation in the city affairs.
Urban Slums of Delhi are neglected parts of the city where living conditions are appallingly poor and experience multi-faced socio-economic issues which include lagging in basic human needs like lack of sanitation – Drainage/Sewage facilities, lack of water supply, poor infrastructure, inadequate education and medical facilities, low electricity supply, low income generation opportunities.
The bunking horns, congestion on roads, potholes, poor public transport, unsafe roads, has become Delhi’s defining features. The transport problem of Delhi has two aspects- Road Safety and Public Transport. The problem with the roads of the capital is its design whereas the problem with the public transport is both its quantitative and qualitative administrative technical in-capabilities.
The struggle of unauthorized colonies is the struggle of “illegal” residents as perceived by the state apparatus. And in turn these residents struggle to meet the requirements of their basic needs, often finding themselves besieged with problems like water logging, poor parking space, no green parks, piling garbage, dangling power wires, tiniest inroads, open overflowing drains, lack of structural safety of buildings, etc.
Lack of public sanitation infrastructure that majorly includes clean drinking water and proper sewage system counts among the topmost problems suffered by the capital. Poor sanitation management cause many disease and severe health issues like diarrhea, pneumonia, typhoid, malaria, etc.
The Delhi Metro is often seen as the sole safe public transport or commute option for the women of Delhi. But Metro has all security “within” its premises. poor last-mile connectivity to far-flung residential places has hampered in Metro being the safest commute. Our capital must be planned taking in consideration all the people of the city – the women, men, youth, children, disabled and foreigners.
Migration is one of the major issues in the demographic dividend of Delhi. People migrate to Delhi for various reasons including higher education, medical families, jobs as Delhi creates massive job opportunities for skilled, labourers, and unskilled workforce. The people who mostly migrate to Delhi are the ones living in the surrounding states of Delhi. Migration sis leading to the problem of resource scarcity, overcrowding, increasing population density and crumbling infrastructures.
A study conducted by AIIMS represents that one third of the street children in Delhi takes drugs either out of peer pressure, curiosity, to experience high, deal with stress, family history, face harsh weather, or battle hunger. Delhi has also become a hotbed of drug smuggling where the misuse of pharmaceutical products is on the rise. The drugs consumption be it marijuana, cannabis, cocaine, opium, LSD (acid), MDMA, GHB, etc. are most demanded among the capital’s youth.
Over the last four years, Delhi has been witnessing to a strange play of politics. The Delhi voter was witness to a weekly squabble between the state and the central government. The centre-state animosity was imposed on the common man as the reason why the AAP government’s hands were tied. This was partly true that Modi government did not make life easy for the AAP but is it entirely to be blamed even for the issues that were exclusively state subjects? Did Delhi vote to be caught up in a continuous battle between the centre and state governments?
Delhi nightlife is famous for its all glitters, fun, dance, music, party and booze. But what comes with the glitter is the cost of security especially for women. No one has forgotten Jessica Lal and Naina Sahni murder case, shootout at Old Box Café, and many more crimes related to the nightlife of Delhi. There are still cases registered for sexual assault against women and people involved in fist exchanges often leading to fatal causes. Delhi’s nightlife has been witnessing a history of blood delinquency. It’s never been safe for a woman to walk out of a club in Delhi early in the morning unlike Mumbai. Let’s help Delhi shed the tag of being unsafe for women in all forms.
Similar to any urban settlement, Delhi too faces severe crises of contamination be it food or water. Delhi’s underground water is not only falling in shortage but also suffers from arsenic contamination of groundwater with toxic materials like arsenic, nitrates and fluorides along with 80 percent tapwater contaminated by plastic microfibres. There has been recent reports which points at the deteriorating state of street food in Delhi capable of causing severe infections.
Education is the foundation of socio-economic growth of a society. Despite of 23.54% of total budget share of Delhi government in 2017-18, children in Delhi still lack foundational education and skills. There is no room for quality education for homeless street children and children living in shelters. In the political capital of India, the number of students enrolled in schools has increased to 44.43 lakh in 2016-17, however the learning levels are still very low demonstrating little reading and numeracy aptitude.
Persistent water crises in the capital is witness of the social, environmental and economic health of the city. Shortage of drinking water and water contamination are the major are of concern under water crises. Most of the precious water in Delhi is lost due to pipe leakages as a result of dilapidated water infrastructure in the capital.